National Electoral Council – Presidential Elections in Venezuela

The National Constituent Assembly (ANC) of Venezuela issued a constitutional decree requesting the National Electoral Council (CNE) to convene the presidential elections of 2018 before April 30. (7/2/18)


This call for elections in Venezuela has the enormous peculiarity of taking place in a context of many internal and external political pressures on the Venezuelan institutions and of infamous sanctions against the Venezuelan people and their legitimate representatives. This call for elections is a new moment to restore the sense of political and social peace, as well as institutional stability, after years of strong episodes of destabilization.


To consolidate democracy, peace and the sovereignty of its people, Venezuela has held three elections in 2017. Venezuelans peacefully and massively attended the elections called by the National Electoral Council (CNE).


The election of the National Constituent Assembly (ANC) in July 2017, meant the restoration of peace after four months of violent acts promoted by sectors of the Venezuelan opposition. In 2017, Venezuelans also elected governors and mayors.


The decisions of the National Constituent Assembly as the plenipotentiary power of the Venezuelan people, the Supreme Court of Justice of Venezuela and the National Electoral Council (CNE), represent the constitutional mandate of the Venezuelan people, with full attachment to our laws and the full exercise of our democratic system.



Illegality of double militancy


The Supreme Court of Justice ordered the National Electoral Council (CNE) to exclude from the process of renewal of parties, convened on January 27 and 28, 2018, the self-styled Democratic Unity Table (MUD) to avoid incurring double militancy.


The order of the Constitutional Chamber of the highest Venezuelan Court, responds to the fact that the opposition coalition has organizations like Un Nuevo Tiempo (UNT) or Avanzada Progresista (AP) already renewed, and others like Primero Justicia (VP), Voluntad Popular (VP) ) or Acción Democrática (AD) pending renewal.


The MUD registered its card in the process of this weekend. Several of the groups that integrate it have called to go to this process which is carried out by an order of the National Constituent Assembly through a constituent decree. “(But) in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela one can not be militate in two political parties at the same time, because the interests of one and the other could coincide in some aspects, but there will always be distinctions, which make it unethical and inoperative,” according to the mandate of Venezuelan justice in full compliance with the Political Constitution of Venezuela and electoral laws.


It is necessary to point out that the the validation of the MUD Unit card also coincides with the re-registration of other political organizations such as Acción Democrática (AD) and Primero Justicia (PJ) that did not participate in recent elections openly boycotting electoral actions. The latter is still without defining its re-registration before the electoral authority.


Members of the MUD had already been validated, thus incurring double militancy, which violates numeral 4 Sentence No. 1 of January 5, 2016 and article 32 of the Law on Political Parties, Public Meetings and Manifestations.


The ruling of the Supreme Justice Tribunal highlights that the measure seeks to “safeguard the rights to political participation through organizations legally and legitimately constituted for that purpose, for which it has already set the parameters of the prior process of validation of political organizations.”


The ambiguity of the MUD, which is a card and not strictly a political party, increases the sense of “double militancy” of both its representatives and its constituents.




Renewal by legal mandate and the CNE for legitimation as parties


The main rector of the CNE, Tania D’Amelio, posted  inher official twitter account, that conservative political organizations which did not participate in the last electoral process are required by the Law of Political Parties, Public Meetings and Manifestations to renew their militancy. They must be legitimized. To do so they have to obtain the backing of 0.5% of the electoral register in 12 regions of the country. Of the 5 political parties, only 2 tried to update their party: Acción Democrática which achieved it and Primero Justicia which did not reach the goal. Primero Justicia goes to an appeal period, on February 4 and 5 to see if it can remain as a political organization. Those who did not show up cancelled themselves.


MUD case: there are complaints in the courts of 7 states (Aragua, Apure, Bolivar, Carabobo, Monagas, Trujillo and Zulia) and therefore that party could not be renewed in those states, as there is a precautionary measure that prevents it from carrying out activities in these states.



Dialogue and peace


On the installation of the dialogue process between the Government and the Venezuelan opposition, the President of the Republic Nicolás Maduro declared that it would continue on Monday, January 29, in Dominican Republic. He also said that the Bolivarian Government is ready to sign the long-awaited definitive agreement of understanding and coexistence between the parties.


“As Head of State I want to say that we are ready to sign the agreement with the Venezuelan opposition, for coexistence, permanent dialogue, for peace and democracy of all Venezuelans. (…) I hope that the opposition delegation reaches the Dominican Republic and has the capacity for negotiation and understanding,” he concluded.


On behalf of the people, he invited the opposition sectors to the revolutionary government to cease political conspiracies, and reiterated his commitment to reach a peace agreement for Venezuela.


The Dialogue process continue today, in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.


Venezuela urges the European Union and its member countries to resume the paths of respectful and constructive relations, which have historically characterized their conduct towards our country, and that today are strongly compromised by the constant attacks against the Venezuelan democratic institutions, motivated by the dark interests of those actors, both from within the Community, and external to it, who have hijacked relations between Venezuela and the European Union.


This article is reproduced from the Venezuelan Embassy UK here: